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Cambodia Weather and Climate

Cambodia's climate-like that of the rest of Southeast Asia-is dominated by the monsoons, which are known as tropical Wet and Dry because of the distinctly marked seasonal differences. The monsoonal airflows are caused by annual alternating high pressure and low pressure over the Central Asian landmass. In summer, moisture-laden air--the southwest monsoon is drawn landward from the Indian Ocean. The flow is reversed during the winter, and the northeast monsoon sends back dry air. The southwest monsoon brings the rainy season from mid-May to mid-September or to early October, and the northeast monsoon flow of drier and cooler air lasts from early November to March. The southern third of the country has a two-month dry season; the northern two-thirds, a four-month one. Short transitional periods, which are marked by some difference in humidity but by little change in temperature, intervene between the alternating seasons. Temperatures are fairly uniform throughout the Tonle Sap Basin area, with only small variations from the average annual mean of around 25°C. The maximum mean is about 28°C; the minimum mean, about 22°C. Maximum temperatures of higher than 32°C, however, are common and, just before the start of the rainy season, they may rise to more than 38°C. Minimum temperatures rarely fall below 10°C. January is the coldest month, and April is the warmest.

The total annual rainfall average is between 100 and 150 centimeters, and the heaviest amounts fall in the southeast. Rainfall from April to September in the Tonle Sap Basin-Mekong Lowlands area averages 130 to 190 centimeters annually, but the amount varies considerably from year to year. Rainfall around the basin increases with elevation. It is heaviest in the mountains along the coast in the southwest, which receive from 250 to more than 500 centimeters of precipitation annually as the southwest monsoon reaches the coast. This area of greatest rainfall, however, drains mostly to the sea; only a small quantity goes into the rivers flowing into the basin. The relative humidity is high at night throughout the year; usually it exceeds 90 percent. During the daytime in the dry season, humidity averages about 50 percent or slightly lower, but it may remain about 60 percent in the rainy.

Siem Reap, Cambodia - Weather and climate
Months Daily mean Temp Minimum Daily mean Temp Ninimum Mean Rainfal (mm) Mean number of rain days
January 19.7 32 0.7 0.8
February 20.8 33.3 3.5 2
March 26.1 34.6 28 3.8
April 25.1 35.5 61.2 8
May 25.4 35.2 175.9 17.2
June 24.8 33.5 221.3 20.4
July 24.8 32.7 236.6 21.8
August 25 32 151 19.2
September 24.5 32.2 276.6 21.4
October 23.9 31.3 248 21.4
November 22.4 30.6 81.7 10.4
December 20.3 31 10.1 3

Phnom Penh, Cambodia - Weather and climate
Months Daily mean Temp Minimum Daily mean Temp Ninimum Mean Rainfal (mm) Mean number of rain days
January 21.9 31.9 25.5 2.8
February 23 32.8 11.5 2.4
March 24.1> 34.9 58 5.2
April 25 34.9 101 8.4
May 25.3 34.3 111.6 16.4
June 25 33.5 177.1 16.6
July 24.7 32.5 195 19.6
August 24.6 32.5 172 21.4
September 24.3 32.3 248.8 19.8
October 23.8 31.1 318 24
November 22.7 29.9 135 11.8
December 22.1 30.1 80.3 4.8
Prek Toal Lake
Prek Toal Lake
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